What is Pregnancy Gingivitis?

Pregnancy gingivitis is similar to the early periodontal disease, AKA gingivitis, that happens outside of pregnancy. If you have pregnancy gingivitis, you might experience red, swollen, and bleeding gums; sensitivity during brushing or flossing; and painful teeth.

Fortunately, there are ways to manage and help treat the symptoms of gingivitis during pregnancy. Be sure to speak with your doctor or dentist if you have any questions or concerns, and schedule dental cleanings regularly while pregnant to stay on top of your dental hygiene.

Is Periodontal Disease Common in Pregnancy?

Pregnancy gingivitis is very common – at least half of all women experience it during pregnancy. Pregnant women are at increased risk for periodontal disease because the increased levels of progesterone hormone cause an increased response to plaque bacteria in the mouth.

It’s very important to keep your teeth and gums clean and healthy while you’re pregnant. The best way to prevent or deal with gum problems is to practice good oral hygiene.

What Are the Symptoms of Pregnancy Gingivitis?

The main symptoms most women experience during pregnancy gingivitis include:

  • Swollen gums
  • Red, bleeding gums
  • Sensitivity to changes in heat/cold
  • Halitosis (bad breath)

How Do You Manage Pregnancy Gingivitis?

Good dental hygiene is essential during pregnancy. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day. If you have used harder-bristled toothbrushes in the past, try switching to a soft toothbrush – it may cause less irritation to your gums. You should also keep up with any scheduled professional cleanings, and discuss problems with your dentist.

If gingivitis is left unchecked, it may lead to a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis. Your dentist may refer you to your local periodontist to help relieve symptoms of periodontitis. The good news is that with good oral hygiene and routine professional cleanings, there should be nothing for you to worry about.

Here are a few things that you can do to manage swollen gums and have healthier oral hygiene:

  • Have at least one oral checkup with your dentist during pregnancy
  • Use a daily or periodic warm salt water rinse
  • Brush your teeth twice per day
  • Floss daily
  • Practice good nutrition

Here in San Diego at Poway Perio, under the experience of Dr. Alireza Khansari, MSD, we are happy to help you fight periodontal disease and get your teeth and gums back to good health. If you have more questions or would like to book a consultation, we’re happy to discuss your situation. Just give us a call at 858-679-0142.